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Gender - English Grammar - English Free Test

Gender - English Grammar - English Free Test


Noun that distinguishes between male and female s called GENDER.
There are three genders properly so called: Masculine, Feminine and Neuter. The distinction of male and female in nature is called sex. The distinction between Masculine and Feminine in words is called Gender.

MASCULINE GENDER

A noun that denotes a male animal is said to be of Masculine Gender.

Example
  • boy,drake,drone,brother

FEMININE GENDER

A noun that denotes a female animal is said to be of Feminine Gender.

Example
  • girl,duck,bee,sister

NEUTER GENDER

A noun that denotes a female animal is said to be of Feminine Gender.Neuter means neither male or female.


Example
  • book,pen,room,tree

Objects without life are often personified that is spoken as if they were living beings.We than regard them as males or females.

The Masculine Gender is often applied to objects remarkable for strength and violence.

Example
  • The Sun,Summer,Winter,Time,Death

The Feminine Gender is sometimes applied to objects remarkable for beauty,gentleness, and gracefulness.

Example
  • The Moon,the earth,Spring,Autumn,Nature,Liberty

PEOPLE

MASCULINE FAMININE

actor

author

bachelor

boy

Boy Scout

brave

bridegroom

brother

conductor

count

czar

dad

daddy

duke

emperor

father

father-in-law

fiance

gentleman

giant

god

governor

grandfather

headmaster

heir

hero

host

hunter

husband

king

lad

landlord

lord

man

manager

manservant

master

mayor

milkman

millionaire

monitor

monk

Mr.

murderer

Negro

nephew

papa

poet

postman

postmaster

priest

prince

prophet

proprietor

protector

shepherd

sir

son

son-in-law

step-father

step-son

steward

sultan

tailor

uncle

waiter

washerman

widower

wizard

actress

authoress

spinster

girl

Girl Guide

Squaw

bride

sister

comductress

countess

czarina

mum

mummy

duchess

empress

mother

mother-in-law

fiancee

lady

giantess

goddess

matron

grandmother

headmistress

heiress

heroine

hostess

huntress

wife

queen

lass

landlady

lady

woman

manageress

maidservant

mistress

mayoress

milkmaid

millionairess

monitress

nun

Mrs.

murderess

Negress

niece

mama

poetess

postwoman

postmistress

prietess

princess

prophetess

proprietress

protectress

shepherdess

madam

daughter

daughter-in-law

step-mother

step-daughter

stewardess

sultana

tailoress

aunt

waitress

washerwoman

widow

witch

CREATURES

MASCULINE FAMININE

billy-goat

boar

buck (deer, hare)

buck-rabbit

bull

bull-elephant

bull-seal

bullock

bull-whale

cob (swan)

cock

cockerel

cock-pigeon

colt (young horse)

dog

drake

drone

fox

gander

hawk

he-bear

he-goat

he-wolf

jack-ass

leopard

lion

peacock

ram (sheep)

stag

stallion

tiger

tom-cat

turkey-cock

nanny-goat

sow

doe

doe-rabbit

cow

cow-elephant

cow-seal

heifer

cow-whale

pen

hen

pullet

hen-pigeon

filly

bitch

duck

bee

vixen

goose

bowess

she-bear

she-goat

she-wolf

jenny-ass, she-ass

leopardess

lioness

peahen

ewe

hind

mare

tigress

tabby-cat

turkey-hen

WAYS OF FORMING THE FEMININE OF NOUNS

There are three ways of forming the Feminine of Nouns:
  • By using an entirely different word; as
    Masculine -> Feminine
    Bachelor -> maid, spinster
    Boy -> girl
    Brother -> sister
    Buck -> doe
    Bull (or ox) -> cow
    Bullock -> heifer
    Cock -> hen
    Colt -> filly
    Dog -> bitch
    Drake -> duck
    Drone -> bee
    Earl -> countess
    Father -> mother
    Gander -> goose
    Gentleman -> lady
    Hart -> roe
    Horse -> mare
    Husband -> wife
    King -> queen
    Lord -> lady
    Man -> woman
    Monk (or friar) -> nun
    Nephew -> niece
    Papa -> mamma
    Ram -> ewe
    Sir -> madam
    Son -> daughter
    Stag -> hind
    Uncle -> aunt
    Wizard -> witch

  • By adding a syllable (-ess, -ine, -trix, -a, etc) as,
    Masculine -> Feminine
    Author -> authoress
    Baron -> baroness
    Count -> countess
    Giant -> giantess
    Heir -> heiress
    Host -> hostess
    Jew -> Jewess
    Lion -> lioness
    Manager -> manageress
    Mayor -> mayoress
    Patron -> patroness
    Peer -> peeress
    Poet -> poetess
    Priest -> priestess
    Prophet -> prophetess
    Shepherd -> shepherdess
    Steward -> stewardess
    Viscount -> viscountess

    [Note that in the following -ess is added after dropping the vowel of the masculine ending]
    Masculine -> Feminine
    Actor -> actress
    Benefactor -> benefactress
    Conductor -> conductress
    Enchanter -> enchantress
    Founder -> foundress
    Hunter -> huntress
    Instructor -> instructress
    Negro -> negress
    Abbot -> abbess
    Duke -> duchess
    Emperor -> empress
    Preceptor -> preceptress
    Prince -> princess
    Songster -> songstress
    Tempter -> temptress
    Seamster -> seamstress
    Tiger -> tigress
    Traitor -> traitress
    Waiter -> waitress
    Master -> mistress
    Murderer -> murderess
    Sorcerer -> sorceress

    Note:- The suffix -ess is the commonest suffix used to form feminine nouns, from the Masculine, and is the only one which we now use in forming a new feminine noun.
    Masculine -> Feminine
    Hero -> heroine
    Testator -> testatrix
    Czar -> czarina
    Sultan -> sultana
    Signor -> signora
    Fox -> vixen
  • By placing a word before or after; as,
    Masculine -> Feminine
    Grandfather -> grandmother
    Greatuncle -> greataunt
    Manservant -> maidservant
    Landlord -> landlady
    milkman -> milkwoman
    peacock -> peahen
    salesman -> saleswoman
    washerman -> washerwoman

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