#9 Simple Future - The Tenses In English - English Free Test|Englishfreetest.com

#9 Simple Future - The Tenses In English - English Free Test

I) An Introduction

This tense is used for those sentences which refer to the actions which will occur later, in future. This requires a future tense auxiliary verb even though the verb would be unmarked.

  • You will help him later.
  • Will you help him later?
  • You will not help him later.
[will + verb]
[am/is/are + going to + verb]

II) Description

Common Mistakes
Common mistakes Correct version Why?
- The phone's ringing.
- OK, I'm going to answerOption it.
Ok - I'll answerOption it. If the action is decided at the moment of speaking, we use 'will' / 'will not'.
I'm sure he is going to help you. I'm sure he will help you. When we say what we think or expect, we use 'will'.
I won't probably be there. I probably won't be there.
I'll probably be there.
The adverbs 'definitely' and 'probably' comes before 'won't' but after 'will'.
I promise I'm going to help. I promise I'll help. After 'promise' we usually use 'will', not the 'going to' future.
I'll call you when I'll come to my office. I'll call you when I come to my office. When we refer to the future in adverbial clauses, we normally use the present simple (after 'when', 'as soon as' and 'until').
If you will give me your address, I'll send you a postcard. If you give me your address, I'll send you a postcard. When we refer to the future in conditional clauses, we normally use the present simple.
I can't see you next week. I will return to Paris. I can't see you next week. I am returning/am going to return to Paris. To show that the decision was made in the past, we use the present continuous or the 'going to' future.
Using "Will"
Positive Negative Question
I will help. I will not help. WillI help?
You will help. You will not help. Will you help?
We will help. We will not help. Will we help?
They will help. They will not help. Will they help?
He will help. He will not help. Will he help?
She will help. She will not help. Will she help?
It will help. It will not help. Willit help?
I'll (I will) be there tomorrow.
I won't (will not) be there tomorrow. Will you be there tomorrow?
Using "Be Going to"
Positive Negative Question
I am going to leave. I am not going to leave. Am I going to leave?
You are going to leave. You are not going to leave. Are you going to leave?
We are going to leave. We are not going to leave. Are we going to leave?
They are going to leave. They are not going to leave. Are they going to leave?
He is going to leave. He is not going to leave. Is he going to leave?
She is going to leave. She is not going to leave. Is she going to leave?
It is going to leave. It is not going to leave. Is it going to leave?

III) Usages

"Will" to Express a Voluntary Action

"Will" often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. A voluntary action is one the speaker offers to do for someone else. Often, we use "will" to respond to someone else's complaint or request for help. We also use "will" when we request that someone help us or volunteer to do something for us. Similarly, we use "will not" or "won't" when we refuse to voluntarily do something.

  • I will send you the information when I get it.
  • I will translate the email, so Mr. Smith can read it.
  • Will you help me move this heavy table?
  • Will you make dinner?
  • I will not do your homework for you.
  • I won't do all the housework myself!
  • A: I'm really hungry.
    B: I'll make some sandwiches.
  • A: I'm so tired. I'm about to fall asleep.
    B: I'll get you some coffee.
  • A: The phone is ringing.
    B: I'll get it.
"Will" to Express a Promise

"Will" is usually used in promises.

  • I will call you when I arrive.
  • If I am elected President of the United States, I will make sure everyone has access to inexpensive health insurance.
  • I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party.
  • Don't worry, I'll be careful.
  • I won't tell anyone your secret.
"Be going to" to Express a Plan

"Be going to" expresses that something is a plan. It expresses the idea that a person intends to do something in the future. It does not matter whether the plan is realistic or not.

  • He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii.
  • She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii.
  • A: When are we going to meet each other tonight?
    B: We are going to meet at 6 PM.
  • I'm going to be an actor when I grow up.
  • Michelle is going to begin medical school next year.
  • They are going to drive all the way to Alaska.
  • Who are you going to invite to the party?
  • A: Who is going to make John's birthday cake?
    B: Sue is going to make John's birthday cake.
"Will" or "Be Going to" to Express a Prediction

Both "will" and "be going to" can express the idea of a general prediction about the future. Predictions are guesses about what might happen in the future. In "prediction" sentences, the subject usually has little control over the future and therefore USES 1-3 do not apply. In the following examples, there is no difference in meaning.

  • The year 2222 will be a very interesting year.
  • The year 2222 is going to be a very interesting year.
  • John Smith will be the next President.
  • John Smith is going to be the next President.
  • The movie "Zenith" will win several Academy Awards.
  • The movie "Zenith" is going to win several Academy Awards.

In the Simple Future, it is not always clear which USE the speaker has in mind. Often, there is more than one way to interpret a sentence's meaning.

No Future in Time Clauses

Like all future forms, the Simple Future cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of Simple Future,Simple Present is used.

  • When you will arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner. Not Correct
  • When you arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner. Correct

The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.

  • You will never help him.
  • Will you ever help him?
  • You are never going to meet Jane.
  • Are you ever going to meet Jane?
  • John will finish the work by 5:00 PM. Active
  • The work will be finished by 5:00 PM. Passive
  • Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight. Active
  • A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight. Passive