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#2 Present Continuous - The Tenses In English - English Free Test

#2 Present Continuous - The Tenses In English - English Free Test


I) An Introduction

Though the simple present and present continuous tenses are used interchangeably, present continuous usually defines an act that is going on at the time of speaking.
The sentences with present progressive tense are used when:
  • Something is taking place now, while speaking and has a definite end as well.
  • When something is already decided and arranged as well to perform it.
  • To indicate an undesirable habit.
Examples
  • You are learning English now.
  • You are not swimming now.
  • Are you sleeping?
  • I am sitting.
  • I am not standing.
  • Is he sitting or standing?
  • They are reading their books.
  • They are not watching television.
  • What are you doing?
  • Why aren't you doing your homework?
Structure
[am/is/are + present participle]
  • Use first form of the verb +ing
  • Singular 3rd person subject use is
  • Plural 1st, 2nd and 3rd person and singular 2nd person subject use are
  • 1st person singular use am
In other words, it is "Subject + be (is, am, are) + Verb+ -ing + Object"


II) Description

Positive, Negative, Question Forms
Positive Negative Question
I'm (I am) reading a book. I'm (I am) not reading. Am I reading?
You're (you are) reading. You're (you are) not reading. Are you reading?
We're (we are) reading. We're (we are) not reading. Are we reading?
They're (they are) reading. They're (they are) not reading. Are they reading?
He's (he is) reading a book. He's not / he isn't (he is not) reading. Is he reading?
She's (she is) reading a book. She's not / she isn't (she is not) reading. Is she reading?
It's (it is) raining. It's not / it isn't (it is not) raining. Is it raining?
Present Continous - Common Mistakes
Common mistakes Correct version Why?
They still waiting for you. They are still waiting for you. to form a continuous tense we use be + -ing.
They are still waiting for you? Are they still waiting for you? In questions the subject (they) and the auxiliary verb (be) change places.
Do they still waiting for you? Are they still waiting for you?
Where they are waiting for you? Where are they waiting for you?
She doesn't watching TV. She isn't watching TV. To form the negative we put notafter the verb be (am not, is not = isn't, are not = aren't).
I'm believing you . I believe you. Some verbs are not used in continuous tenses - these are called stative verbs (e.g. believe, come from, cost, depend, exist, feel, hate, like).



III) Usages

Now

Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.

Examples:
  • You are learning English now.
  • You are not swimming now.
  • Are you sleeping?
  • I am sitting.
  • I am not standing.
  • Is he sitting or standing?
  • They are reading their books.
  • They are not watching television.
  • What are you doing?
  • Why aren't you doing your homework?
Longer Actions in Progress Now

In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second.

Examples:
(All of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant.)

  • I am studying to become a doctor.
  • I am not studying to become a dentist.
  • I am reading the book Tom Sawyer.
  • I am not reading any books right now.
  • Are you working on any special projects at work?
  • Aren't you teaching at the university now?
Near Future

Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future.

Examples:
  • I am meeting some friends after work.
  • I am not going to the party tonight.
  • Is he visiting his parents next weekend?
  • Isn't he coming with us tonight?
Repetition and Irritation with "Always"

The Present Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like Simple Present, but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing."

Examples:
  • She is always coming to class late.
  • He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up.
  • I don't like them because they are always complaining.
REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs/ Mixed Verbs

It is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses. Also, certain non-continuous meanings for Mixed Verbs cannot be used in continuous tenses. Instead of using Present Continuous with these verbs, you must use Simple Present.

Examples:
  • She is loving this chocolate ice cream. Not Correct
  • She loves this chocolate ice cream. Correct
ADVERB PLACEMENT

The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.

Examples:
  • You are still watching TV.
  • Are you still watching TV?
ACTIVE / PASSIVE
Examples:
  • Right now, Tom is writing the letter. Active
  • Right now, the letter is being written by Tom. Passive


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