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Number - English Grammar - English Free Test

Number - English Grammar - English Free Test


There are two Numbers in English - the Singular Number and the Plural Number.

Singular Number

A noun that denotes one person or thing.

Example
  • Book, pen, bird, cow, boy .. etc

Plural Number

A noun that denotes more than one person or thing.

Example
  • Books, pens, birds, cows, boys .. etc

The plural of nouns is generally formed by adding 's' to the singular.

Example
  • boy - boys
  • girl - girls
  • tree - trees
  • table - tables
  • cow - cows

More Rules

Example
  • For words that ends with 's', 'sh', 'ch', 'x', 'o' use 'es' to make the plural form of it.
Example
  • glass - glasses
  • branch - branches
  • box - boxes
  • match - matches
  • bench - benches

For words that ends with 'y' we have to follw two rules :

If the letter before 'y' is a vowel then simply add 's' at the end to make it to the plural form.

Example
  • boy - boys
  • monkey - monkeys
  • way - ways
  • valley - valleys
  • day - days

If the letter before 'y' is not a vowel then remove 'y' and add 'ies' at the end to make it to the plural form.

Example
  • city - cities
  • story - stories
  • lady - ladies
  • baby - babies
  • country - countries

For words that ends with 'f ' use 'ves' instead to make the plural form of it.

Example
  • leaf - leaves
  • thief - thieves
  • wife - wives
  • knife - knives
  • shelf - shelves

But some words do not follow any of the above rules.

Example
  • ox - oxen
  • child - children
  • mouse - mice
  • woman - women
  • tooth - teeth

But some nouns are used only as plurals.

Example
  • scissors
  • bellows
  • pants
  • spectacles
  • trousers

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