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InDefinite Articles - Determiners | English Grammar - English Free Test

InDefinite Articles - Determiners | English Grammar - English Free Test


A / AN

Use ' a' with nouns starting with a consonant (letters that are not vowels),
'an'
with nouns starting with a vowel ( a,e,i,o,u )
Example
  • A boy
  • An apple
  • A car
  • An orange
  • A house
  • An opera

NOTE:

An before an h mute - an hour, an honour.
A before u and eu when they sound like 'you': a eu ropean, a u niversity, a u nit

The indefinite article is used:

  • to refer to something for the first time:
    An elephant and a mouse fell in love.
    Would you like a drink ?
    I've finally got a good job .
  • to refer to a particular member of a group or class
Example
  • with names of jobs:
    John is a doctor .
    Mary is training to be an engineer .
    He wants to be a dancer .
  • with nationalities and religions:
    John is an Englishman .
    Kate is a Catholic .
  • with musical instruments:
    Sherlock Holmes was playing a violin when the visitor arrived.
    ( BUT to describe the activity we say "He plays the violin.")
  • with names of days:
    I was born on a Thursday
  • to refer to a kind of, or example of something:
    the mouse had a tiny nose
    the elephant had a long trunk
    it was a very strange car
  • with singular nouns, after the words 'what' and 'such' :
    What a shame !
    She's such a beautiful girl .
  • meaning 'one', referring to a single object or person:
    I'd like an orange and two lemons please.
    The burglar took a diamond necklace and a valuable painting .

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